PAO production process

Tatneft starts PAO production and sales

Russian oil company Tatneft has started polyalphaolefin (PAO) production, company representative said at Argus Tatarstan Oil products, Logistics and Trading conference. Conference took place in Kazan on 21-23 March.

The company has capacity to produce up to 10 000 tons per year of PAO and can produce the following viscosities: 2, 4, 6 and 12 cSt.

At the moment 2 and 4 cSt grades are available for export in flexi-container or tank-containers. You can find specification of PAO at our website.

Producer plans to allocate May volumes until 20 April. Usually there is strong domestic demand in Russia for PAO as there are no other producers of PAO in the region.

“Volume available for export will be small due to early stages of production, maybe 10 tons of each grade” – sources says.

The global polyalphaolefins market is expected to reach USD 1.58 billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc.

US PAO market by application

US PAO market by application

DYM Resources is able to supply PAO from Russia at competitive price levels with high-quality logistics and financial service. To get a quote for PAO-2 or PAO-4 do not hesitate to contact us via website of

PAO usage

PAO has various advantages over conventional lubricants such as wear & tear protection, excellent thermal stability, and good load carrying capacity which is anticipated to propel PAO industry growth over the forecast period.

PAO is Group IV base oils, fully synthetic with high viscosity index and very low pour point.

On of PAO application is rader coolant. Polyolefin is also used in pharmaceutical and medical industry for filter certification. PAO has very low pour point.

DYM Resources is a trading company, focused on base oils and waxes. The company key expertise is sourcing and delivering products from Russia and neighboring countries.

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russian petcoke exports

Russian Petcoke Exports to China in September Were Lowest Since January

Russian petcoke exports to China reached an all-year low in September.

Russia exported only 1,744 tons of petroleum coke (petcoke) to China by rail in September 2016, data compiled by DYM Resources shows. These were the lowest export rates since Russia loaded just 1,600 tons in January.

September exports were thirteen times lower than in July and twice lower than in August.

“China has lost volumes to more attractive destinations in September like the Baltic Sea ports, where about 18,500 tons of petcoke were loaded from three refineries: Antipinsky, Taneco and Perm,” Yury Burenko, senior petroleum coke trader at DYM Resources, commented.

Antipinsky and Perm refineries produce petcoke with a sulphur content below 3 percent, while Taneco loads petcoke with a sulphur content below 5 percent.

Demand for 3 percent petcoke in Western China may have dropped due to price cuts by major Xinjiang province petcoke producer Tahe during the summer months. Tahe refinery produces 4 percent sulphur at its 1 million-ton unit and cut prices to trim high stocks prior to expected environmental checks. China is limiting high-sulphur petcoke usage to improve the ecological situation in the country.

Russia exported 78,400 tons of petroleum coke to China between January and September this year by rail, DYM Resources data shows. Exports reached their peak in June and July, when about 20,000 tons per month were loaded (see chart).

Petcoke export to china, tons

  • Exports from Russia to China, Mt (shipped)
  • Imports to China from Russia, Mt

Kazakhstan Loading to China Grows

Russia is competing with Kazakhstan for exports to the Western Chinese province of Xinjiang. Pavlodar refinery loaded 20,400 tons of petcoke to China in September, while Atyrau refinery exported 6,200 tons to this region. Kazakhstan petroleum coke exports to China rose in September by 28 percent compared to August and 40 percent compared to July this year.

In 2015, most Kazakhstan petcoke shipments were heading to Russia for aluminum production. Pavlodar produces petcoke with a 3 percent sulphur content while Atyrau produces petcoke with a sulphur content below 2 percent.

Pavlodar refinery is located 1,000 km from Dostyk station, where the main rail border crossing between Kazakhstan and China sits. Kazakhstan refineries are closer to Chinese aluminum plants than to ports on the Baltic or Black seas, which makes loading eastwards more attractive.

Russian Petcoke Exports Shift to Turkey

Russia started loading petroleum coke for export to the Black Sea market in October.

“High demand in Turkey, India and other developing countries are pushing prices for petcoke higher and the Chinese market will adjust to compete with other markets for Russian petcoke,” Burenko said.

Prices in the Black Sea markets are going up after increased prices for U.S. and Venezuelan petcoke cargoes during the fourth quarter of this year. Major buyers in the Black Sea market are Turkish cement producers; this industry consumes 4 million tons of high-sulphur petcoke per year.

DYM Resources exports petroleum coke from Russia and other ex-USSR countries such Turkmenistan. The company has expertise in rail and bulk deliveries of low-sulphur, mid-sulphur and high-sulphur petcokes. To receive customized petroleum coke supply solutions, please contact us at or through our client page.

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new Russian petcoke units

Three New Russian Petcoke Units Start Loadings in July

Three refineries in Russia started commercial loadings of petroleum coke (petcoke) in July 2016, according to data compiled by DYM Resources. About 20,000 tons of 1.5 to 3 percent petcoke were loaded in total. All volumes from these new Russian petcoke units were moved to the domestic market.

“We have seen an increase in supplies of petroleum coke of low and medium sulphur content in Russia recently, and are expecting additional supplies of up to 50,000 tons of petcoke loaded to the Russian market in August,” DYM Resources trader Denis Varaksin commented. “As domestic demand is rather stable, we see a good chance that part of these volumes will end up in export markets.”

Russia’s government is pushing refineries to increase refining depth and produce less fuel oil and bitumen, but more light oil products. Creating these new Russian petcoke units provides a perfect opportunity to increase refining depth and boost yields of light products.

Taneco Refinery Eyes the Black Sea Region

Tatneft’s Taneco refinery has launched its 700,000 tons per year-capacity petroleum unit in Nizhnekamsk, about 2,000 km from ports on the Black Sea. The refinery loaded 15,000 tons domestically in July and more than 17,000 tons in just the first half of August.

At full capacity, Taneco can produce 50,000 to 60,000 tons of petroleum coke per month with a guaranteed sulphur limit at 5 percent. The actual sulphur content is below 3 percent, according to the latest tests.

Taneco refinery plans to utilize its petroleum coke in energy production after launching a power plant. The power plant is not in operation yet.

DYM Resources is currently testing Taneco petroleum coke to identify export opportunities for this grade of product. DYM sees potential interest for 3 percent petcoke from Turkish buyers active in the cement and metal industries.

Antipinsky Refinery Petcoke to China

Another one of the new Russian petcoke units can be found at the independent Antipinsky refinery. Antipinsky launched a delayed coker unit (DCU) this July. The refinery produces anode grade petcoke with a sulphur content up to 3 percent, with a planned capacity at 500,000 tons per year. The refinery is located in the Tyumen region, roughly 2,000 km from the border with China, where this product is in demand.

At the end of July, the refinery dispatched several railway wagons to the domestic market. During the first half of August, it loaded about 3,000 tons. Antipinsky plans to produce 40,000 tons of petcoke per month and to increase DCU run rates.

DYM Resources has received and tested petcoke samples from Antipinsky. Results confirm that this petcoke is a good raw material for steel and aluminum industries. It has a sulphur content below 3 percent, and a low content of metals, especially iron and vanadium.

Rosneft Restarts DCU in the Far East

The Russian energy giant Rosneft has restarted shipments from its 260,000 tons per year delayed coking unit at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur refinery. The refinery produces low-sulphur petcoke. The sulphur content is around 1.3 percent, but the guaranteed maximum sulphur content is 3 percent.

The unit is located in Eastern Russia, just 500 km from the port of Vanino. This port currently handles petcoke imports for Russia’s biggest petcoke consumer, aluminum champion Rusal.

The location gives the refinery an advantage to supply Asia-Pacific markets, where China is the biggest petcoke buyer.

Komsomolsk-on-Amur refinery loaded 5,200 tons of petcoke in July and 6,700 tons in the first half of August this year, all to the domestic market.

Rosneft offered only 520 tons of petroleum coke from Komsomolsk refinery to export in September. Most of the volume the company loads by term-contract to its domestic clients. Rosneft also sells low-sulphur petcoke from Angarsk (Eastern Siberia) and high-sulphur petcoke from Novokuibyshevsk refineries (Volga region).

Unlike the other new Russian petcoke units mentioned here, this one was built several years ago, but could not stabilize production until this year.

DYM Resources is a reliable supplier and trader of petroleum coke from Russia and CIS countries. The company has experience in organizing rail wagon and dry tanker shipments.

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