Prices of bitumen in the domestic market of Germany are rising because of the tight supply at the time of the growing seasonal demand.
The supply of bitumen remains limited throughout Germany, especially in the northeast, as the two largest German refineries Schwedt and Leuna temporarily stopped producing bitumen due to the pipeline Druzhba contamination issue. Bayernoil, another major producer of bitumen, had a nine-month break because of the explosion last year.
German refinery PCK Schwedt processes 208 000 barrels of bitumen per day. It has stopped the production of bitumen and switch to the delivery of more cost-effective lighter crudes. From the middle of April, oil flows through the pipeline have been halted, while crude oil was contaminated by excess concentrations of an organic chloride. After using the oil reserves, the PCK Schwedt temporarily established alternative oil supplies through the port of Rostock.
PCK Raffinerie Schwedt is owned by Rosneft Deutschland, Shell Deutschland and PCK Beteiligungs-Gesellschaft. The refinery processes 12 million tons of crude oil per year, obtaining diesel fuel, gasoline, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, fuel oil and among others, bitumen.
Total Refinery Leuna
The second German Refinery Leuna, that also used crude oil from PCK Druzhba, had to cut bitumen production and switched to delivery of lighter crudes as well. Before this accident Leuna supplied approximately 210,000 barrels of bitumen per day. PCK Leuna is owned by Total and has the capacity to process 12 million tons of crude oil per year.
Pipeline Druzhba supplies about one third of crude oil to Germany. According to the latest reports, Druzhba could be launched from July 1st. Full pipeline cleaning will take about 6- 8 months.
The third German refinery Bayernoil, that produces 210 000 barrels of bitumen per day, was launched in the first week of June after nine-month interruption in the operation. It took nine months to recover from a powerful explosion and fire in September 2018.
Although the refinery is open, the supply the of bituminous product will remain limited for at least three months. The Bayernoil plans to reach full capacity by September.
The Refinery Bayernoil owned by Varo Energy, Rosneft Deutschland, Eni and BP. It produces over ten million tons of crude oil annual. The refinery gains liquefied gases, fuels, gasoline, jet, diesel, heating oil and bitumen.
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